DESCRIPTION Renzo Piano’s Shard Tower reskinned from concepts derived from Thom Mayne’s Phare Tower. This seminar explored the used of technologies to deploy massive façade operations and analysis’. Materials - stainless steel mesh panels attached to a powder coated aluminum frame that attaches to the existing steel and concrete structure of the building. Geometric Grid Type - the grid chosen is a skewed rectangular grid consisting of simple curves that stretch the height of the building with each offsetting away from another at two feet along the widths of each vertical surface. System Type - the stainless steel polygonal mesh panels are 5’ x 10’ and get duplicated along the vertical geometric grid lines. Unit Variation - there are three different panel conditions which are primarily decided based on the building’s program, but are also heavily influenced by solar radiation and wind.